The process of capital budgeting requires constant evaluation in order to make sure that you are making the right decisions for your business. Here are a few of the more popular methods of evaluation for capital budgeting.
Net Present Value
Calculating the net present value is one of the most common ways to evaluate a capital budgeting process. In order to perform this calculation, you will take the value of the present benefits of the project and subtract the present costs. The difference provides you with the net present value.
Internal Rate of Return
Another popular method of evaluation is referred to as the internal rate of return. This is a discount rate that is commonly used to determine how much of a return an investor can expect to realize from a particular project.
The payback period is another method that many businesses use to determine whether to keep pursuing a project. With this method, you are basically determining how long it will take to pay back the initial investment that is required to undergo a project. In order to calculate this, you would take the total cost of the project and divide it by how much cash inflow you expect to receive each year. This will give you the total number of years or the payback period.